Forbes’ recent article entitled “Is Long-Term Care Insurance Right For You?” says that a big drawback for many is the fact that long term care insurance (“LTCI”) is expensive. However, think about the costs of long term care. For example, the current median annual cost for assisted living is $43,539, and for a private room in a nursing home, it’s more than $92,000. In many urban areas it is much higher, so utilizing long term care insurance my be best.
Another issue is that there’s no way to accurately determine if in fact you’ll even need long term care. Much of it depends on your own health and family history. However, planning for the possibility is key and unfortunately most clients don’t plan for long term care either with insurance, retirement or in their estate plans.
Remember that Medicare and other types of health insurance don’t cover most of the cost of long term care—what are known as “activities of daily living,” like bathing, dressing, eating, using the bathroom and moving. Medicare will only pay for medically necessary skilled nursing and home care, such as giving shots and changing dressings and not assisted-living costs, like bathing and eating. Supplemental insurance policies generally don’t pay for this type of care. Those who meet financial guidelines may receive care provided under Medicaid or other benefits such as Veterans benefits.
It is important to shop around as there are no one-size-fits-all long term care insurance policies. Check the policy terms and be sure you understand:
- The things that are covered, such as skilled nursing, custodial care, assisted living and in home care
- If Alzheimer’s disease is covered as it’s a leading reason for needing long-term care
- If there are any limitations on pre-existing conditions
- The maximum payouts, including if maximum payouts are by day or year
- If the payments are adjusted for inflation, which depending on the time of purchase might be key
- The lag time until benefits begin
- How long benefits will last, including whether there are lifetime caps on the amount paid or time periods paid
- If there’s a waiver of premium benefit, which suspends premiums when you are collecting long-term care benefits
- If there’s a non-forfeiture benefit, which offers limited coverage even if you cancel the policy
- If the current premiums are guaranteed in future years, or if there are limits on future increases
- How many times rates have increased in the past 10 years
- If you purchase a group policy through an employer, see if it is portable (if you can take it with you if you change jobs).
Typically, when you are between 55 to 60 is the most cost-effective time to buy LTCI, if you’re in good health. See my prior blog on this point. https://www.galliganmanning.com/when-should-i-consider-long-term-care-insurance/ The younger you buy, the lower the cost. However, you will be paying premiums longer. Premiums usually increase as you get older and less healthy. There’s a possibility that you’ll be denied coverage, if your health becomes poor. Therefore, while it’s not inexpensive, buying LTCI sooner rather than later may be the best move.
The best thing to do is to consult your financial advisor and your insurance agent on whether a LTCI policy, and which, will work best for you.
Reference: Forbes (April 17, 2020) “Is Long-Term Care Insurance Right For You?”