Clients frequently ask this question, especially as mom or dad is aging and perhaps living in assisted living or some other senior care arrangement. Many try to do so using online forms, and find later that it was a mistake. Transferring your house to your children while you’re alive may avoid probate, but gifting a home also can mean a rather large and unnecessary tax bill or could effect eligibility for long term care benefits. It also may place your house at risk, if your children get sued or file for bankruptcy
You also could be making a mistake, if you hope it will help keep the house from being consumed by nursing home bills.
There are better ways to transfer a house to your children, as well as a little-known potential fix that may help even if the giver has since died, says Considerable’s recent article entitled “Should you transfer your house to your adult kids?”
If a parent signs a quitclaim to give her son the house and then dies, it can potentially mean a tax bill of thousands of dollars for the son.
Families who see this error in time can undo the damage, by gifting the house back to the parent.
People will also transfer a home to try to qualify for Medicaid, but any gifts or transfers made within five years of applying for Medicaid can result in a penalty period when seniors are disqualified from receiving benefits. A capable elder law attorney can advise you on better ways to address this, as well as potential corrections if necessary.
In addition, transferring your home to another person can expose you to their financial problems because their creditors could file liens on your home and, depending on state law, take some or most of its value. If the child divorces, the house could become an asset that must be divided as part of the marital estate.
Section 2036 of the Internal Revenue Code says that if the parent were to retain a “life interest” in the property, which includes the right to continue living there, the home would remain in her estate rather than be considered a completed gift. However, there are rules for what constitutes a life interest, including the power to determine what happens to the property and liability for its bills.
There are other ways to avoid probate. Many states and DC permit “transfer on death” deeds that let homeowners transfer their homes at death without probate. Texas has both transfer on death deeds and “Lady Bird Deeds,” and an attorney can advise you on the differences and the best way to utilize them with your estate plan. An excellent solution is to use a living trust which allows assets it owns or receives at death to avoid probate. Having the trust own the property, or possibly using a deed to convey the property to the the trust at death, are excellent solutions.
If you are interested in learning more, please see this article for various ways to own and hold real estate. https://www.galliganmanning.com/how-to-own-your-real-estate/
In sum, there are many unexpected consequences to transferring your home to your children, so it is important to discuss the best way to convey the home to your loved ones with an attorney.
Reference: Considerable (Sep. 18) “Should you transfer your house to your adult kids?”